Early Restoration can be implemented prior to the completion of the NRDA process, when opportunities arise, to achieve restoration faster. Projects must meet criteria set forth in the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 and its resulting regulations.
For the Deepwater Horizon spill, Early Restoration was intended to accelerate restoration of injured natural resources and their services, but not to fully compensate the public for all resulting injuries and losses. On the first anniversary of the spill (April 20, 2011), the Trustees and BP agreed that BP would provide up to $1 billion toward Early Restoration projects, under the terms of a Framework Agreement for Early Restoration, as a preliminary step toward restoring injured natural resources and services caused by the spill. Early Restoration proceeded in phases, with each phase adding additional projects to partially address injuries to nearshore resources, birds, fish, sea turtles, federally managed lands, and recreational uses. Injuries were partially addressed through coastal habitat restoration, resource specific restoration, and education and recreational infrastructure projects.
Sixty-five projects with a total cost of approximately $877 million were selected through the five phases of Early Restoration planning. In Mississippi, Early Restoration included seven projects totaling $112,557,000, including oyster reef restoration, nearshore artificial reefs, beach promenades, public access to coastal resources, trails, a visitor center, a science museum and living shorelines. Projects are in various stages of completion with some in engineering design, permitting, construction and some which are completed and being monitored. Find more information about
Early Restoration Projects